THE ELEMENTARY PARTICLES

The victory of any scientific view and inclusion it in outlook does not prove still its validity. Inverse is quite often visible. In the composite and roundabout way the scientific truth develops, and not all scientific outlook serves as its expression.

Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky

Date and time

The world of the fundamental particles can be more composite and various, than here it is supposed. After all calculations are not made yet.
The fundamental particles – autosolitons or the related groups of autosolitons in the environment of fudls. They self-generated from vacuum – the unregulated area of the Lattice – owing to fluctuations of oscillating and transmitting activity of fudls. So, the self-generated photons represent not that other as "relict" radiation.

Photon – running, pulsing and the rotating autosoliton conglobate (as far as it allows a linearity of fudls) forms, moving with a light speed. It is supposed that only centrally symmetric particles move with light velocity.
The quantum generates electromagnetic and gravitational fields with a frequency equal to the frequency of the pulsations.
The wave-corpuscle dualism is obvious.
High-energy quanta have the smaller geometrical sizes, than quanta low-energy: the small quantum is quicker reconstructed therefore pulses more often.
As much as small the photon cannot be as the trace amount of fudls is incapable to create a stable system. Therefore there is the top threshold of energies of photons.
As much as large the quantum also cannot be: between its mutually far parts of communication are short that does low-energy quantum unstable. Therefore there is the lower threshold of energies of photons.
Photons are subject to the process of "aging" which is made on absolute time. Quanta gradually lose the energy because of interaction with vacuum, increase in sizes, and finally, become unstable and collapse (without keeping of conservation laws!). This phenomenon is called as a dissipation of quanta here. Processes of self-generation and a dissipation statistically are mutually counterbalanced.
As a result of division γ-quantum photons of the larger size, than initial are formed. Apparently, they are completed at the expense of environmental fudls. A photon, being absorbed by other particle, loses a symmetry – passes into the bound state.

Neutrino – the autosoliton different from a photon, in particular, existence of a vacuum cavity. In fact, it is peculiar "bubble".
The weak coupling of a neutrino with substance is caused by a small field aura round a particle. A neutrino field, unlike an electromagnetic field, short-range.
In a compound particle of a neutrino plays a role of an envelope. The neutrino can leave a particle‑"hostesses" only in case of her disintegration. The released neutrinoes can have permanent deformations. Such particles possess a rest-mass and, move more slowly than light. They differ by origin (electronic, muonic etc.).
Neutrino poorly interact with substance, but not with vacuum: the Postulate of interactions is relentless!
The neutrino and antineutrino differ only with spins.

Radicals – strongly asymmetric autosolitons which are formed in pairs the radical – the anti-radical at division high-energy γ-quanta. They cannot long be in the free look because of oscillation of the superstrong fields taking other particles by them including a neutrino. Thanks to the field, the radical increases probability of origin of particles from environmental vacuum.

Charge is caused by asymmetry of the radical. The charge is property, but not a certain substance. It is discrete and, cannot be "smeared" on the radical or is concentrated in its some area. With destruction of the radical its charge completely disappears.
More the complex fundamental particles allegedly consist of a core, an envelope and a crown.

Core – the radical or the related group of radicals (in the latter case – radicals – a subcore). The core is responsible for stability of a particle. In positively charged cores the number of positive radicals precisely on unit exceeds number of the negative radicals and, on the contrary. In neutral cores quantity positive and the negative a subcores equally. If for any reason the boundary space charge of a core exceeds unit, there is a disintegration of a particle. Disintegration products – radicals and their related groups form affiliated particles.

Cover consists of one or several concentrically the located neutrino enveloping a core. Neutrino are deformed here by a core field therefore they are in the bound state. They can be released only in case of disintegration of a particle.
The envelope weakens force of impact of a core on the periphery of a particle.

Crown consists of the deformed photons and vacancies – vacuum niches between these photons. In case of restitution of the symmetry, photons are radiated from a crown. Restitution results from external influences (a field, acceleration, collision with counter particles) or is spontaneous (as a result of fluctuations).
So, the 21-centimeter radiation of neutral Hydrogenium is a corollary of a spontaneous exit of photons from crowns of electrons of hydrogen atoms. It serves as the electron transition reason on more low level, and at all not on the contrary! Existence of vacancies caused the phenomenon of a resonance quantum absorption. The external photon which is larger than vacancy, simply will not enter it; too small long in it will not be late, as it rather high-energy successfully to resist to a core field. – Such is the mechanism of selection of photons.

Substance and antimatter in the Universe are equal. The particle and an antiparticle are born pairwise by division high-energy γ‑quantum. Then they are exposed to magnetic separation.

Let's say that length of a fudl is equal to "Planck" length of 1.6 · 10−33 cm (this very rough assumption!). Let's compare it to classical electron radius of 2.8 · 10−13 cm. Electron radius more than length of a fudl is 1.77 · 1020. If mentally to increase an electron to Earth sizes, the fudl increased in as much time will have length only 3.64 Å. If to present a fudl as a piece 1 cm long, to classical electron radius there will correspond the distance in 185 light years! The "classical" electron consists of 6.73 · 1061 fudls.
Apparently, attempts to apply laws of a quantum mechanics to fudls are not justified: scales here very much even the different!
Quantum mechanical laws follow from laws of fundamental mechanics – Postulates – and at all not on the contrary. And between them "virgin soil" of a subquantum physics – an immense field for new theoretical researches lies.

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